Thyme

Health Benefits of Thyme.

  • Thyme contains many active principles that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.
  • Thyme herb contains thymol, one of the important essential oils. Thymol has been found scientifically to have antiseptic, and anti-fungal characteristics. The other volatile oils in thyme include carvacolo, borneol, andgeraniol.
  • Thyme contains many flavonoid phenolic antioxidants like zea-xanthin, lutein, pigenin, naringenin, luteolin,and thymonin. Fresh thyme herb has one of the highest antioxidant levels among herbs, a total ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) value of 27,426-µmol TE/100 g.
  • Thyme is packed with minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. Its leaves are one of the richest sources of potassium, iron, calcium, manganese, magnesium, and selenium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is required for red blood cell formation.
  • The herb is also a rich source of many important vitamins such as B-complex vitamins, beta carotene, vitamin-A, vitamin-K, vitamin-E, vitamin-C, and folic acid.
  • Thyme provides 0.35 mg of vitamin B-6 or pyridoxine; furnishing about 27% of daily recommended intake. Pyridoxine keeps up GABA (beneficial neurotransmitter in the brain) levels in the brain which has a role as stress buster.
  • Vitamin-C helps the human body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.
  • Vitamin-A is a fat-soluble vitamin and antioxidant that is required maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is also essential for vision. Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids like vitamin A and beta-carotene helps protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

Thyme leaves offer significant levels of quality phyto-nutrients profile. Just 100 g of fresh leaves provides (% of Recommended daily allowance)

38% of dietary fiber,
27% of vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine),
266% of vitamin-C,
158% of vitamin-A,
218% of iron,
40% of calcium,
40% of magnesium, and
75% of manganese
no cholesterol


See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:
Thyme herb (Thymus vulgaris), Fresh leaves,
Nutritive value per 100 g. ORAC value 27426,(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 101 Kcal 5%
Carbohydrates 24.45 g 18%
Protein 5.56 g 10%
Total Fat 1.68 g 8.4%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 14.0 g 37%
Vitamins
Folates 45 µg 11%
Niacin 1.824 mg 11%
Pantothenic acid 0.409 mg 8%
Pyridoxine 0.348 mg 27%
Riboflavin 0.471 mg 36%
Thiamin 0.48 mg 4%
Vitamin-A 4751 IU 158%
Vitamin-C 160.1 mg 266%
Electrolytes
Sodium 9 mg 0.5%
Potassium 609 mg 13%
Minerals
Calcium 405 mg 40.5%
Iron 17.45 mg 218%
Magnesium 160 mg 40%
Manganese 1.719 mg 75%
Manganese 106 mg 15%
Zinc 1.81 mg 16.5%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 2851 µg