Sage

Health Benefits of Sage.

  • Sage herbal parts have many notable plant-derived chemical compounds, essential oils, minerals, vitamins that are known to have disease preventing, and health promoting properties.
  • The prime biologically active component of common sage appears to be its essential oil, which chiefly contain ketones; a-thujone, and ß-thujone. In addition, sage leaf contains numerous other compounds, including cineol, borneol, tannic acid; bitter substances like cornsole and cornsolic acid; fumaric, chlorogenic, caffeic and nicotinic acids; nicotinamide; flavones; flavone glycosides and estrogenic substances. Altogether, these compounds are known to have counter-irritant, rubefacient, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-fungal and anti-septic properties.
  • Thujone is GABA and Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist. It improves mental concentration, attention-span and quickens the senses; hence sage infusion has long been recognized as “thinker’s tea.”
  • Three lobe sage (S. triloba) composes flavone called salvigenin. Research studies found that vascular relaxant effect of salvigenin may offer protection from cardiovascular diseases.
  • This herb is a exceptionally very rich source of several B-complex groups of vitamins, such as folic acid, thiamin,pyridoxine and riboflavin many times higher than the recommended daily levels.
  • The herb contains very good amounts of vitamin-A and beta-carotene levels. 100 g dry ground herb provides 5900 IU; about 196% of RDA. Vitamin-A is a powerful natural antioxidant and is essential for night-vision. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucusa and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A are known to help the body protect itself from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Fresh sage leaves are a good source of antioxidant vitamin, vitamin-C; contain 32.4 or 54% of RDA. Vitamin C helps in the synthesis of structural proteins like collagen. Its adequate levels in the body help maintain integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones. Regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin-C helps protect from scurvy, develop resistance against infectious agents (boosts immunity) and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals from the human body.
  • Sage herb parts, whether fresh or dried, are rich sources of minerals like potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.

 

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:
Sage herb (Salvia officinalis), Dried, ground,
Nutritive value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 315 Kcal 15.75%
Carbohydrates 60.73 g 47%
Protein 10.63 g 19%
Total Fat 12.75 g 42.5%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 40.3 g 106%
Vitamins
Folates 274 µg 63%
Niacin 5.720 mg 35.75%
Pyridoxine 2.690 mg 206%
Riboflavin 0.336 mg 26%
Thiamin 0.754 mg 68.5%
Vitamin A 5900 mg 196%
Vitamin C 32.4 mg 54%
Vitamin E 7.48 mg 50%
Vitamin K 1714.5 µg 1429%
Electrolytes
Sodium 11 mg <1%
Potassium 1070 mg 23%
Minerals
Calcium 1652 mg 165%
Copper 0.757 mg 84%
Iron 28.12 mg 351%
Magnesium 428 mg 107%
Manganese 3.133 mg 136%
Zinc 4.70 mg 43%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-a 0 µg
Carotene-ß 3485 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 109 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 1895 µg