Oregano

Health Benefits of Oregano.

  • Oregano contains an impressive list of plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.
  • The herb parts contain no cholesterol; however, are rich source of dietary fiber, which helps to control blood cholesterol levels.
  • Oregano contains several health benefiting essential oils such as carvacrol, thymol, limonene, pinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene. Its leaves and flowering stem has anti-septic, anti-spasmodic, carminative, cholagogue (help gall bladder secretion), diaphoretic (sweat production), expectorant, stimulant, and mildly tonic properties. Its decoction is taken by mouth for the treatment of colds, influenza, mild fevers, indigestion, stomach upsets, and painful menstruation conditions.
  • Thymol is also been found to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal activities.
  • The herb is rich in poly-phenolic flavonoid anti-oxidants (vitamin A, carotenes, lutein, zea-xanthin, and cryptoxanthin) and has been rated as one of the plant sources with highest anti-oxidant activities. These compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease processes.
  • The active principles in the herb may improve gut motility in addition to increase the digestion power by facilitating copious secretion of gastro-intestinal juices.
  • This marvelous herb is an excellent source of minerals like potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure caused by high sodium. Manganese and copper are utilized by the body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron helps prevent anemia. Magnesium and calcium are important minerals for bone metabolism.
  • In addition, this fresh herb is an excellent source of antioxidant vitamin; vitamin-C. Vitamin-C helps human body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.

Oregano is a proven super “functional food.” This herb is one of the foundation bases of healthy Mediterranean diet in addition to olive oil, fish and lots of greens, herbs and vegetables. It has an excellent nutritional profile; just 100 g of oregano herb provides:

Dietary fiber- 107% (Percent of RDA) (RDA- Recommended daily allowance).

Folates- 69%
Pyridoxine- 93%
Vitamin-C- 83%
Vitamin-A-230%
Vitamin-K- 518%
Iron- 550%
Manganese-203%
Carotene-ß- 4112 µg

 

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:
Oregano herb (Origanum vulgare), dried leaves,
Nutritive value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 306 Kcal 15%
Carbohydrates 64.43 g 49%
Protein 11 g 19.5%
Total Fat 10.25 g 34%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 42.8 g 107%
Vitamins
Folates 274 µg 69%
Niacin 6.22 mg 39%
Pantothenic acid 0.921 mg 17%
Pyridoxine 1.210 mg 93%
Riboflavin 0.320 mg 24.5%
Thiamin 0.341 mg 28%
Vitamin A 6903 IU 230%
Vitamin C 50 mg 83%
Vitamin E 18.86 mg 126%
Vitamin K 621.7 µg 518%
Electrolytes
Sodium 15 mg 1%
Potassium 1669 mg 35.5%
Minerals
Calcium 1576 mg 158%
Copper 0.943 mg 105%
Iron 44 mg 550%
Magnesium 270 mg 67.5%
Manganese 4.667 mg 203%
Zinc 4.43 mg 40%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 4112 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 11 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 862 µg